Interested in Biotechnology? Learn everything you need to know about it

Wednesday, 16 March 2022

What is Biotechnology? What do Biotechnologists do? What should I study to become a Biotechnologist? Here you'll find the answer to these questions and more. 

Are you interested in studying Biotechnology? Then you must be aware of what becoming a biotechnologist involves. In this article, you'll find useful information regarding what you will learn if you decide to pursue a Bachelor in Biotechnology, what you will be able to do with it, among other things. 

Below is everything you need to know about a Bachelor in Biotechnology.

What is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology combines biology principles with technology to develop products. This is a broad area of biology that is in charge of the production of products from raw materials with the aid of living organisms. 

This field overlaps with other scientific fields, since it has expanded to diverse sciences, including genomics, gene techniques, immunology, pharmaceutical therapies, diagnostic tests, among other important contributions. 

Biotechnology, in layman's terms, is technology based on biology. If you want the more technical definition, biotechnology is the production of therapeutic proteins and other drugs through genetic engineering.

Go back in time: The History of Biotechnology

Biotechnological processes to turn raw materials into finished perishes are nothing new. There are biotechnological processes in the food we eat.

Biotechnological processes have certainly become more technologically advanced since the middle of last century, but biotechnology has been around for thousands of years. People have been harnessing biological processes to improve their quality of life for some 10,000 years. 

Bread, alcoholic beverages, cheese and many other products have been produced through the implementation of biotechnological processes since approximately 6,000 years ago. 

The processes we've just mentioned are not what we mean today by biotechnology. However, biotechnological thought is involved in them. 

The term we use today is applied to molecular and cellular technologies, which emerged in the 1960s and ’70s. 

The field of biotechnology as we know it today emerged in the 70s, when companies such as Amgen, Biogen, Cetus, Genentech, and Genex started manufacturing genetically engineered substances mainly for medical and environmental uses.

What to expect from a Bachelor in Biotechnology

Bachelor's degrees in Biotechnology are designed to enable students to gain fundamental training in basic scientific principles as well as in specific concepts, techniques, and applications used in biotechnology

If you decide to pursue a Bachelor in Biotechnology, you'll acquire excellent preparation for medical school, dental school, and graduate school, as well as for jobs in the life sciences.

Biotechnologists: What do they do?

Graduating from a Bachelor in Biotechnology, and later maybe from a Master’s degree, will enable you to go on to work in the industry of Biotechnology or other related industries, including pharmaceutical and agricultural industries. 

A Bachelor in Biotechnology provides students with a solid foundation that enables them to pursue Master’s degrees or PhD programs in different fields, including biotechnology, microbiology, genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, engineering, among others. 

There is a wide variety of careers Biotechnology graduates can pursue.  Among these careers, we can mention the following:

  • Management
  • Marketing
  • Laboratory science
  • Pharmaceutical development
  • Medicine

Depending on the level of education you have, the career opportunities for Biotechnology graduates will be different. If you want to have a wider range of career options, earning a Master’s or PhD after your bachelor’s degree is the way to go.

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